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Presentation of innovative unmanned unit design as an alternative to conventional propeller units used in the operation and monitoring of transmission and distribution infrastructure

As part of the SmartGrid Seminar under the patronage of the Faculty of Electrotechnics, Automation, Information Technology and Biomedical Engineering of AGH and the COMMISSION OF ELECTROTECHNICALS, INFORMATICS AND AUTOMATION PAN, BRANCH IN KRAKOW


Grzegorz Putynkowski Paweł Balawender Krzysztof Woźny


Link to seminar material: http://www.smartgrid.agh.edu.pl/index.php/materialy5

CBRTP research cooperation with the Maritime Academy in Szczecin

Grzegorz Putynkowski, Vice President of CBRTP, co-author of an article on innovative solutions for seismic vessels. The publication was published in the scientific papers of the Maritime Academy in Szczecin.


Grzegorz Putynkowski, together with scientists from the Maritime Academy in Szczecin, Artur Walus and Lucjan Gucma, present a method that saves time and energy while conducting seismic surveys from ships. Authors describe the advantages of innovative approaches to traditional solutions and cite an example of its application.


This article is available in English under the link: http://repository.scientific-journals.eu/handle/123456789/1186


The year 2015 was the last year in which the current model of regulating the five largest Distribution System Operators (OSDs) functioned. From 1 January 2016 on the basis of an agreement between the Energy Regulatory Office (ERO) and the DSO, a new model has been introduced. Updating the approach to setting the weighted average cost of capital, re-evaluating the efficiency of the company’s operating costs and balance sheet volume, as well as new elements of quality regulation.

The study presents a description of quality regulation including SAIDI, SAIFI, CRP and CPD for Distribution System Operators included in the new Regulatory Model for the years 2016 – 2020. The changes will affect the return on regulated revenues of electricity distribution companies. The consequence of failure to meet conditions and indicators according to the idea of ​​the new system will be to reduce the return on capital.


Grzegorz Putynkowski, Vice President of CBRTP, is co-author of an article presenting a new copper composite paste for the front electrode in silicon solar cells.

The publication appeared on the site: http://www.sciencedirect.com


Grzegorz Putynkowski and Dr Piotr Panek from the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Dr Robert Socha from the Institute of Catalysis and Surface Physicochemistry and Abdelilah Slaoui from the University of Strasbourg present a method that saves time and energy in the production of silicon based solar cells. Authors describe the advantage of innovative approach to traditional solutions.


This article is available in English under the link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610216305355


The use of ultrasonic distance sensors as a tool for measuring the height of the Unmanned aerial vehicle UAV

Vice President CBRTP  Mr. Gregory Putynkowski and Mr. Matthew Bilewski from the Maritime University are the authors of the article, which appeared in Scientific Journal of Maritime University of Szczecin.

The article presents an overview of ultrasonic sensors. The attention focused on the possibility of using such sensors at a constant height above the surface. The three selected sensors have been tested. We discuss the potential of the individual sensors. Detailed information can be found in the publication is available at:







Frequency Management for Electromagnetic Continuous Wave Conductivity Meters

Frequency Management for Electromagnetic Continuous Wave Conductivity Meters

Przemyslaw Mazurek 1,2,†,*  and Grzegorz Putynkowski 2,†

1 Department of Signal Processing and Multimedia Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, 26. Kwietnia St., Szczecin 71126, Poland 2 CBRTP SA, Zlota 59 St., Warsaw 00120, Poland These authors contributed equally to this work.

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro

Received: 2 December 2015 / Revised: 25 February 2016 / Accepted: 29 February 2016 / Published: 7 April 2016

(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)

Download PDF [9890 KB, uploaded 7 April 2016]


Ground conductivity meters use electromagnetic fields for the mapping of geological variations, like the determination of water amount, depending on ground layers, which is important for the state analysis of embankments. The VLF band is contaminated by numerous natural and artificial electromagnetic interference signals. Prior to the determination of ground conductivity, the meter’s working frequency is not possible, due to the variable frequency of the interferences. Frequency management based on the analysis of the selected band using track-before-detect (TBD) algorithms, which allows dynamical frequency changes of the conductivity of the meter transmitting part, is proposed in the paper. Naive maximum value search, spatio-temporal TBD (ST-TBD), Viterbi TBD and a new algorithm that uses combined ST-TBD and Viterbi TBD are compared. Monte Carlo tests are provided for the numerical analysis of the properties for a single interference signal in the considered band, and a new approach based on combined ST-TBD and Viterbi algorithms shows the best performance. The considered algorithms process spectrogram data for the selected band, so DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform) could be applied for the computation of the spectrogram. Real–time properties, related to the latency, are discussed also, and it is shown that TBD algorithms are feasible for real applications.

Keywords: track-before-detect; ground conductivity meters; frequency management; radio interferences; frequency estimation; spectrogram; tracking; VLF


HTML Version: http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/16/4/490/html

PDF Version: http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/16/4/490/pdf

The concept of building the quality index of marine seismic surveys in order to improve their accuracy and effectiveness

The article presents the construction of a quantitative indicator of the quality of marine seismic surveys for a unit towing geophysical equipment in the form of a system of seismic cables with an installed assembly of geophones. The indicator of the quality of geophysical works is based on a mathematical model of positional deviation of a system of points of geophone cables in relation to the reference position. This indicator can be used in the implementation of seismic surveys and short-term forecasting of their course in terms of quality.

Publishing / issue no.: Annual of Navigation No 21/2014

Authors: Artur Walus1, Lucjan Gucma1, Grzegorz Putynkowski2 1Maritime University of Szczecin 2Centrum Badań i Rozwoju Technologii dla Przemysłu S.A.




The article presents the current changes taking place in the Polish electric energy market. Today, the increase in importance of consumers in balancing energy demand is becoming more and more noticeable. Demand Side Management ( DSM) is a regular part of business management and a mechanism that has been known for years. Recently, a new term has gained importance – Demand Side Response (DSR), meaning the reaction of the demand side to signals coming from the market stimulated by the transmission system operator. DSR mechanisms require entities to voluntarily participate in the system of limiting power-receiving devices at the recommendation of the operator. Companies participating in the system will receive remuneration for this. The article brings closer the benefits of demand side management, sample DSR programmes and changes in the energy market caused by the implementation of DSR.

Authors: Tadeusz Olkuski, Edmund Ciesielka, Adam Szurlej

source: No. 2(117) – 2015 Energy Market


full version of the article: 01 – Olkuski_zespol_marzec

Magnetron sputtered TiN-Si3N4 films as a functional coatings

Magnetron sputtered amorphous Si3N4 films with included nanocrystals TiN are described in this paper. Target was prepared from powders mixture of 90 at.% Ti and10 at.% Al by hot pressing. Deposition was carried out with controlled gas flow of Ar and N2. The most important parameter for deposition such composite structure is a substrate  temperature not  higher then 0,2 reduced temperature. Deposition parameters and structural properties investigated by X-ray and TEM techniques are presented.  The picture of HRTEM  is presented in fig1. Heat reflection from a substrate with deposited TiN-Si3N4 film thickness about 100nm is noticeably higher.

publikacja2Fig.1. HRTEM for amorphous TiN-Si3N4 film.

Such coatings could be used for several applications which require high reflectance of IR. The adequate characteristics of reflectivity were measured. The temperature growth at the back side of substrate covered by TiN-Si3N4 coating was measured. The difference between covered and uncovered substrate are essential. It implies that  the professional cloths for firemen and other services could be covered by such coatings.

Paper was financially supported by NCRD Project- Defense, Security No DOB-BIO6/04/104/2014.
Conference material : ICFPAM 2015 (13th ICFPAM)

The Authors :
K.W.Marszałek1, R.Mania2, G. Putynkowski3
1AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow,Poland
2Diabmed Sp z oo, Lukowa St. 7, 43-300 Bielsko Biala, Poland
3CBRTP SA, Grzybowska St. 12/14, 00-132 Warszawa, Poland